Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis and Its Treatment

Posted by: Lou Emard Jr. at 06/12/2021 601 views

There are lots of paper discussions on the classification and forms of various allergic rhinitis. But the main focus of these discussions is seasonal allergic rhinitis. The basic principles of Seasonal allergic rhinitis management are presented that include the role of nasal glucocorticoids, and Antileukotrienes.

According to the new guidelines, the latest rules for prescribing the drugs in the therapy of Seasonal allergic rhinitis are given special attention to the initial treatment. Here is a complete guide for you about Seasonal allergic rhinitis and its treatment. Seasonal allergic rhinitis, also famous as hay fever, is an inflammatory condition of the upper airways.

It is caused by close exposure to airborne allergens such as trees, grass, and weed pollens. However, three pollens tend to emerge in the spring, grass pollens in the summer similarly weed pollens in the fall. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is different from perennial allergic rhinitis, triggered by frequent exposure to dust mites, animal dander, and other allergens, generally found in a person who mostly spends time indoors environment. 

Effective Treatments:

There are several effective ways to treat seasonal allergic rhinitis. The ways that include are medication and very effective home remedies, and possible some alternative medicines. But remember one thing: you must take your doctor's advice before trying any new treatment for your Seasonal allergic rhinitis. Here is the list of Seasonal allergic rhinitis and its treatment

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Eye Drops and Nasal Sprays:

These two products are very effective in relieving itchiness and other symptoms caused by Seasonal allergic rhinitis for a short time. However, it depends on the product, which you may also need to avoid long-term use. The products include decongestants; overusing certain eye drops, or nasal sprays can cause a rebound effect. In addition to this, Corticosteroids have many effective results against inflammation and immune responses. Commonly doctors suggest steroid nasal spray for long-term use. It is the most useful way to manage allergy symptoms. 

Antihistamines:

It is one of the best options to treat Seasonal allergic rhinitis. The goal of antihistamines is to stop your body from making histamine. The most famous the counter Antihistamines are as given below:

  • Fexofenadine (Allegra)
  • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
  • Desloratadine (Clarinex)
  • Loratadine (Claritin)
  • Levocetirizine (Xyzal)
  • Cetirizine (Zyrtec)

Always keep in mind one thing that before starting any new medication must take your doctor's advice. It is a good option for Seasonal allergic rhinitis and its treatment,

Home Remedies:

The use of home remedies will depend on the type of your allergy. If you have just seasonal or pollen allergies, it is a good option to use air conditioning rather than opening your windows. You can also ass a filter designed for allergens if it is possible. Use a high-quality HEPA filter that will help to control your allergens while indoors. Home remedies are food for Seasonal allergic rhinitis and its treatment.

Immuno Therapy:

For people who are suffering from severe Seasonal allergic rhinitis, then the doctor recommends immunotherapy. This treatment is recommended to use along with other medications to control your symptoms. These shots help in decreasing your immune response to Seasonal allergic rhinitis over time.

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This treatment needs long-term commitment. An allergy shot regimen starts with a buildup phase, and during this phase, you will go to your doctor for a shot 1 to three times per week for about 3 to 6 months to allow your body to get used to the allergen in the shot. 

During the maintenance phase, you will mostly see your doctor for a shot every 2 to 4 weeks over 3 to 5 years. You may observe some gradual changes until over a year after the maintenance phase starts. After you reached this point, the symptoms of allergy may maybe disappear altogether. 

Decongestants:

They are a-adrenergic agonists which produce vasoconstriction. In nasal mucosa, the decongestants decrease edema and nasal congestion. You can use decongestants for a very short time, usually not more than three days. It will help you to relieve a stuffy nose and sinus pressure. When you use it for a long time, it will cause a rebound effect. The most famous over the table decongestants including:

  • Oxymetazoline 
  • Pseudoephedrine 
  • Phenylephrine 
  • Cetirizine with pseudoephedrine 

Remember that it is not suitable for people who have abnormal heart rhythm, other heart diseases, a history of stroke, anxiety, sleep disorder, high blood pressure, or any bladder issue. However, if you want to use them, talk to your doctor first.

Combination Therapy:

Usually, patients with Seasonal allergic rhinitis should be treated with just a single medication at a time. This type of combination therapy is used for people with severe or persistent symptoms. Many studies show the effectiveness of combination therapy. Several studies have looked at combining an intranasal corticosteroid and an oral antihistamine or leukotriene receptor antagonist. Most of these studies concluded that combination therapy is much more effective than an intranasal corticosteroid alone. 

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